NAA Monograph Series

Category

Category: 
Research

Author

Various

Monograph 1 – Mitchell Laithes Farm, Ossett, West Yorkshire

Greg Speed

An excavation in 2007 at Mitchell Laithes Farm, Osset, West Yorkshire revealed archaeological remains from the earlier Neolithic to the post-Medieval period. The earliest evidence consisted of groups of pits and postholes with Neolithic pottery dated from the second quarter of the 4th millennium BC onwards. An undated circle of postholes may have represented a later Neolithic or Early Bronze Age timber circle. In the Early Bronze Age, a round barrow was built over three pits containing cremated human remains, one accompanied by an accessory vessel. A fourth cremation nearby was found inside a Collared Urn.

Iron Age activity was represented by pit digging, and by the later Iron Age or Romano-British period the area had been subdivided into small fields, with enclosures identified in the surrounding area by geophysical survey. Quantities of metalworking debris indicated that iron-smithing had taken place at the site during the Roman period. No subsequent activity was evident until the medieval period, during which time two quarry pits were dug. In the early post-medieval period, the land was more extensively farmed and resulted in ridge-and-furrow across the site.

Please email info@naaheritage.com to order this monograph, priced at £12.50 including postage.

 

Monograph 2 – Life of Brine? Bronze Age and Later Discoveries at Marsh House Farm, Greatham, Hartlepool

David Fell and Gavin Robinson

Over the winter of 2012/13, a team from NAA recorded evidence of human activity along the fringe of the prehistoric and Roman salt marshes to the south-east of Greatham village, Hartlepool. This included funerary and settlement evidence spanning approximately 4000BC to AD410.

Flint tools and flakes of Mesolithic and Early Neolithic date represented the first direct evidence for hunter-gatherers in the Tees Estuary outside Hartlepool Bay. Early and later Bronze Age activity, probably including settlement of some permanence or longevity, was present closer to the marsh edge along a former channel. Later occupation evidence—a long-lived boundary and associated episodes of Iron Age and Romano-British settlement and field enclosure—occupied higher ground. There was no evidence for prehistoric salt winning at the site, but historical sources indicate that salt was claimed from the marshes throughout the medieval period, and deeper salt beds were exploited from the late 19th century until 1970.

Please email info@naaheritage.com to order this monograph, priced at £12.50 including postage.

 

Monograph 3 – A Roman Roadside Settlement at Healam Bridge: The Iron Age to Early Medieval Evidence

Cath Ambrey, David Fell, Richard Fraser, Stuart Ross, Greg Speed, Philip N. Wood

Evidence for pre-Roman Iron Age to post-Roman activity was revealed by archaeological works during construction to widen the A1 between Dishforth and Leeming Bar in North Yorkshire. Significant archaeological remains were excavated at Healam Bridge, the site of a Scheduled Monument encompassing a Roman settlement on Dere Street Roman road, midway between the walled towns of Isurium Brigantum (Aldborough) and Cataractonium (Catterick).

This two-volume set presents the results and discussion of the excavations and the environmental and human remains (Volume 1), and the artefactual assemblages (Volume 2). Evidence from Healam Bridge indicates activity from the early 2nd century AD into the Anglo-Saxon period. The position of the site astride the main Roman route to the north of England and Scotland was reflected in a wide range of pottery types and other finds, and activities such as iron-smithing may have served passing trade as much as the local community. A large animal bone assemblage suggested that horse-, possibly mule-, breeding was a significant aspect of the local economy throughout the Roman period.

This monograph can be downloaded from the Archaeology Data Service (click here for a link).

 

Monograph 4 – Death, Burial and Identity: 3000 years of death in the Vale of Mowbray

Greg Speed and Malin Holst

Death, Burial and Identity is the first of three monographs that present the results of 2013–17 excavations between Leeming and Barton in North Yorkshire in conjunction with upgrading 19km of the A1 to motorway status. The volume examines the burial record from the road scheme—308 human burials from 14 locations, which ranged in date from the Early Bronze Age to the Anglo- Saxon period.

The concept of identity over time and place formed a major research theme for the project. The Roman graves were furnished in a variety of ways and contained varying grave goods, and radiocarbon dating provided scientific dates for 151 burials spanning all periods. This evidence, alongside study of the human remains, has been drawn together to provide analysis of the developments in burial rites. Combined with stable isotope analysis and Bayesian modelling of radiocarbon dates from Bainesse Cemetery, demographics, diet and changes in cemetery use have been explored to build a picture of the people who lived and died at these sites.

The Roman period burials present one of the largest and best-dated assemblages from northern England. The results from the A1 scheme complement other recent work examining variation in funerary tradition across Roman Britain, and as such are of national, if not international significance.

This monograph can be downloaded with no charge from the Archaeology Data Service (click here for a link).

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